Date   

Thursday @2:00 - STOP National Grid's Plans to Gas NYS!

Margaret McCasland
 



---------- Forwarded message ---------
From: Mothers Out Front New York <vanessa.rule@...>
Date: Wed, May 27, 2020 at 10:03 AM
Subject: Thursday @2:00 - STOP National Grid's Plans to Gas NYS!
To: Margaret McCasland <mamccasland@...>


Margaret --

Concerned citizens like you from all across NYS STOPPED the Williams Pipeline in its tracks!

60210377_10219694264729779_2027685323508547584_n.jpg

Moms and kids in Albany delivering postcards to Governor Cuomo.

National Grid has a Plan B to bring fracked gas downstate by other means. Fortunately, we have a better plan!

Join us and an incredible group of allies:

79409708_10221648648108142_7389072735449645056_n.jpg

Volunteer leaders advocating for #HeatPumpsNotPipelines at the December 2019 Public Service Commission meeting.

At Mothers Out Front, we're going #BeyondGas to #RenewableHeatNow! Stay tuned for action alerts on this matter and the NYS Gas Planning Proceeding coming soon!

Whatever your circumstances at home right now, we're thinking about you!
 
Love and solidarity,
 
Billii, Carolyn, Connie, Katie, Lisa, and Susan, your NYS Leadership Team 



Mothers Out Front New York
http://ny.mothersoutfront.org/

P.S. Please invite your friends to share this event on Facebook.

 

Mothers Out Front New York · United States
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Watch "The Story of Plastic" and Tune-in to our Panel Discussion

Margaret McCasland
 

apologies for cross-postings. Some of you are on "all the right" email lists. I have received a shareable link for watching the movie Environmental Advocates of NY, if anyone wants to see it without registering for the panel. However the movie last 2 hours and 15 minutes (longer than its listed run time), and has a slow pace. If you have to chose one thing to do, I recommend the panel, plus the 2 minute trailer: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=37PDwW0c1so&vl=en

---------- Forwarded message ---------
From: Environmental Advocates of New York <info@...>
Date: Tue, May 26, 2020 at 5:52 PM
Subject: Watch "The Story of Plastic" and Tune-in to our Panel Discussion
To: <margaret@...>


You're Invited to a Film Screening and Panel Discussion on The Story of Plastic


Watch any time between May 25th & June 1st
Digital Panel June 1st  | 6:00 - 7:00 pm
Click here to register



Dear Friend:

Environmental Advocates of New York (EANY) invites you to watch the new documentary, The Story of Plasticfor free, followed by a panel discussion about the film.

After you register, you will receive a link and have access to the film any time between May 25th and June 1st. 


After watching the film, please convene with us on June 1st from 6 to 7 pm for an online panel discussion and Q&A with Kate Kurera, Deputy Director at EANY, and Judith Enck, Visiting Professor and Senior Fellow at Bennington College, Founder of Beyond Plastics and Former Regional EPA Administrator. They will be discussing the global context of the plastic waste crisis, New York's response to the crisis, and the policy and consumer changes needed to transition to a plastic-free future.

Please bring your questions and comments to the panel discussion.

We look forward to coming together then, and we hope you enjoy the film.

Warmly,
Joshua


--
Joshua Cohen
Campaigns Director
Environmental Advocates of New York
The Story of Plastic takes a sweeping look at the man-made crisis of plastic pollution and the worldwide effect it has on the health of our planet and the people who inhabit it. Spanning three continents, the film illustrates the ongoing catastrophe: fields full of garbage, veritable mountains of trash, rivers and seas clogged with waste, and skies choked with the poisonous emissions from plastic production and processing.
Learn More About The Story Of Plastic
Website
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You are receiving this email because you have taken action to protect New York's environment in the past and opted in to receive updates about additional activism opportunities.

Our mailing address is:
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Re: update on status of the IMM email list

Marilyn Ray
 

Hello Friends,

There has been a lot of confusion about how I was supposed to post to the email list given the new formats and address IMM is currently using.  Recently I have posted messages to the IMM email list but they have bounced.  I'm sending this message as a trial to see if everything has been fixed and I can resume sending messages you all send to me to post and also ones I receive from many different sources and this they kight be of interest to the recipients of this list.

I hope this works and thank you all for your interest and patience....Marilyn


Re: update on status of the IMM email list

Marilyn Ray
 

Hello Friends,

There has been a lot of confusion about how I was supposed to post to the email list given the new formats and address IMM is currently using.  Recently I have posted messages to the IMM email list but they have bounced.  I'm sending this message as a trial to see if everything has been fixed and I can resume sending messages you all send to me to post and also ones I receive from many different sources and this they kight be of interest to the recipients of this list.

I hope this works and thank you all for your interest and patience....Marilyn


Registration for the draft and conscientious objection

Marin Clarkberg
 

Some information/resources for Garry Thomas' and Marilyn Ray's presentation on "Conscientious Objection: Then and Now," Burtt House, January 28, 2010:

Selective Service System


(Sources include www.wikipedia.com, www.centeronconscience.org, www.selectiveservice.us)

The Selective Service System is a means by which the United States maintains information on those potentially subject to military conscription.

Who Must Register?

Since July 2, 1982 (Proclamation 4771, Registration Under the Military Selective Service Act),all males between the ages of 18 to 25 born after January 1, 1960, are required by law to register within 30 days of their 18th birthday. Registration for Selective Service is also required for various federal programs and benefits, including student loans, job training, federal employment, and naturalization.

In many states, including New York, it is the law that if a young man applies for a non-drivers identification card, driver’s permit, or driver's license or renewal of a driver’s license he is automatically (and in many cases, unwittingly) registered with the Selective Service System. ("[The Department of Motor Vehicles] commissioner shall notify such applicants on the application form that any application for a learner`s permit, driver`s license, renewal of license or non-driver`s identification card shall serve as consent to be registered with the selective service system, if so required by federal law.")

In the current registration system technically a man cannot indicate that he is a conscientious objector (CO) to war when registering, but he can choose to write on the registration card "I am a conscientious objector to war" to document their conviction, even though the government will not have such a classification until there is a draft. He can always claim CO status when he is drafted. Marking it on the registration, keeping a copy, sending the registration with a return receip requested, and saving the copy and the return receipt when it arrives can be used as proof you notified the Selective Service of your CO status prior to being drafted, and can strengthen you claim later, Several religious, nonsectarian, and secular organizations (including Ithaca Monthly Meeting), allow conscientious objectors to file a written record stating their beliefs.

Exemption of Women

Currently, as stated in the Selective Service System website (http://www.selectiveservice.us/military-draft/4-exemption.shtml), the law exempts women from registration: The issue of women being exempted was addressed and approved in 1981 by the United States Supreme Court in Rostker v. Goldberg, with the Court holding that "the existence of the combat restrictions clearly indicates the basis for Congress' decision to exempt women from registration. The purpose of registration was to prepare for a draft of combat troops. Since women are excluded from combat, Congress concluded that they would not be needed in the event of a draft, and therefore decided not to register them."

Failure to Register

In 1980, men who knew they were required to register and did not do so could face up to five years in jail or a fine up to $50,000 if convicted. The potential fine was later increased to $250,000. Despite these possible penalties, government records indicate that from 1980 through 1986 there were only 20 indictments, of which 19 were instigated in part by self-publicized and self-reported non-registration.

Possible reinstatement of the draft

Several times in recent years, Representative Charles Rangel (D-NY) has introduced legislation to reinstitute the draft, from an egalitarian and anti-war perspective: "I believe that if those calling for war knew that their children were likely to be required to serve -- and to be placed in harm's way -- there would be more caution and a greater willingness to work with the international community in dealing with Iraq [and Afghanistan]. A renewed draft will help bring a greater appreciation of the consequences of decisions to go to war."

His proposed bills normally get buried in committees. The one time in recent history when it was brought to the floor of the House, it was defeated overwhelmingly and there is little support for the legislation at present.

Still, Rep. Rangel is hardly alone on the left calling for renewing the draft. See "Bill Moyers Essay: Restoring Accountability for Washington's Wars" (October 30, 2009) and the many Bob Herbert columns in the NYT, e.g., http://op-for.com/2009/12/bob_herbert_part_ii.html

Also, during the 2008 Presidential campaign, Mr. Obama and Mr. McCain disagreed on a key foundation of any future draft: "Mr. Obama supported a requirement for both men and women to register with the Selective Service, while Mr. McCain did not think women should have to register. Also, Mr. Obama said he would consider officially opening combat positions to women. Mr. McCain said he would not." ("Candidates differ on female draft," (Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, October 13, 2008)

Mobilization (or draft) procedures

If the President claims a crisis has occurred which requires more troops than the volunteer military can supply, it is up to Congress to pass legislation which revises the Military Selective Service Act to initiate a draft for the President to sign.

Advice to Youth Facing Registration with Selective Service http://www.centeronconscience.org/objection/mildraft.shtml

If you are a conscientious objector whose conscience allows you to register you should go to the post office and fill out the registration card. Write somewhere on the face of the card, between the lines or above your signature, "I’m opposed to participation in war in any form because of my ethical, moral, or religious beliefs," or words to that effect. You should make a photocopy of the card before surrendering it to the postal clerk. This cannot be done if you register electronically, so we obviously suggest you register by mail! In the event you are only able to register online or were registered by the Department of Motor Vechicles when you applied for a drivers license you will still have the opportunity to note you are a conscientious objector on Form 3B (read paragraph below).

Selective Service will enter the registration information into its computer, microfilm the registration card, and destroy it. Selective Service will also send a "registration acknowledgment" letter, which repeats the information you gave on the registration form, and assigns you a Selective Service number. This letter, Selective Service Form 3A, should be kept by the registrant as proof of his registration. The instructions say that if any information is incorrect, the registrant should return the accompanying Form 3B to correct any mistakes.

The registration acknowledgment will contain no reference to the fact that you registered as a conscientious objector. Note on Form 3B that you are a conscientious objector and wish this to be noted in Selective Service records. Selective Service will not change its data in the computer to acknowledge that you would like to be registered as a CO. However, if you send this statement to Selective Service by certified mail return receipt requested, and keep a photocopy together with your receipts, you will have documented that you attempted to get your beliefs on record with Selective Service long before they attempted to draft you. (If you registered without mentioning that you are a conscientious objector, you can send a letter stating this to Selective Service at any time.)

Remember that none of these actions take the place of formally filing your claim at the appropriate time in the event of a draft. (That time is about 7-10 days after you are called up for the draft) The initial claim is made on Selective Service Form 8 or 9 during the narrow window of time that Selective Service provides when your number comes up for draft processing. The actual written claim is documented using Selective Service Form 22.

The careful paper trail you have kept when registering with the Selective Service merely documents that you tried to get your conscientious objector convictions on record. In the event you are drafted, this will help you prove the consistency and longevity of your beliefs.

In anticipation of a draft, you should prepare a file of evidence of your beliefs. At minimum, include in this file photocopies of your registration card and other attempts to get on record, a comprehensive statement of your beliefs, documentation of activities in your life that help to support your claim, and letters of support. This evidence can be provided to the local board who will hear your claim for CO classification if you are drafted. A qualified draft counselor or agency such as the Center on Conscience & War can help you compile this file.

In summary, according to the Center on Conscience & War (CCW), if you decide to register:

1. Print in legible black ink on the face of all Forms sent to Selective Service (not on the edges): I am a conscientious objector.

2. Make a photocopy of all Forms for your own records before you submit it to the postal clerk for date
stamp and initials. Send all mail return-receipt requested. Keep the copy and the return receipt in a safe place so you will have it if you ever need to prove you are a CO.

3. Prepare a statement of your beliefs. Get it on file with your church or a reputable peace organization such as CCW. Such a statement could be helpful in getting the government to recognize your CO beliefs.

Top of Form

Forms for Conscientious Objection/Statement of Conscience


(Questions paraphrased from the Selective Service Documentation Form for CO’s, Form 22, posted on the Northwest Yearly Meeting of Friends website, http://nwfriends.org/ministries/ active-peacemaking/conscientious-objection/forms-for-conscientious-objection/)

Conscientious Objectors should think through the following questions and write-out their answers to them in the form of a “Statement of Conscientious Objector Status” [or "Statement of Conscience"] before they register as CO’s.

Generally speaking, the applicant must show that moral and ethical beliefs are against participation in war, in any form; and that these beliefs have directed their life in the way traditional religious convictions of equal strength, depth, and duration have directed the lives of those whose beliefs are clearly found in traditional religious convictions.

The Selective Service Administration (SSA) defines conscientious objection as:

“...one who is opposed to serving in the armed forces and/or bearing arms on ground of moral or religious principles.”

The SSA goes on to answer the question ”Who Qualifies?” by saying:

“Beliefs which qualify a registrant for CO status may be religious in nature, but don’t have to be. Beliefs may be moral or ethical; however, a man’s reasons for not wanting to participate in a war must not be based on politics, expediency, or self-interest. In general, the man’s lifestyle prior to making his claim must reflect his current claims.”

Question 1: Describe your beliefs which are the basis for your claim as a conscientious objector. If appropriate, state whether those beliefs would permit you to serve in a non-combatant position in the Armed Forces.

(In answering this question, you should describe, in some detail and as honestly as possible, the basic principles by which your life is guided).

Question 2: Describe how and when you acquired these beliefs.

(In answering this question, you should include anything of significance that helped to form your beliefs. Emphasize the role of your local church and your faith background, if applicable. Take care not to give the impression that your belief is primarily a matter of political considerations, expediency, or merely an arbitrary, personal moral code unrelated to higher values).

Question 3: Describe how your beliefs affect the way you live and the type of work you do or plan to do.

(This question allows you to demonstrate the sincerity with which you hold your beliefs. Select the best illustrations of your convictions)

Friends Peace Testimony/Bearing Witness

From A Declaration to Charles II, 1660:

 "We utterly deny all outward wars and strife and fightings with outward weapons, for any end or under any pretence whatsoever. And this is our testimony to the whole world. The spirit of Christ, by which we are guided, is not changeable, so as once to command us from a thing as evil and again to move unto it; and we do certainly know, and so testify to the world, that the spirit of Christ, which leads us into all Truth, will never move us to fight and war against any man with outward weapons, neither for the kingdom of Christ, nor for the kingdoms of this world." (from A Declaration to Charles II, 1660, considered the seminal statement of the Quaker peace witness)

From Quaker Peace Testimony, by Mary Lou Leavitt:

On the simplest level, "testimony" means "bearing witness" and Friends' long heritage of witnessing to peace can be found in public statements and personal reflections, in their refusal to bear arms in times of civil and international conflict, in acts of prophetic confrontation and of quiet, reconciling diplomacy. But these are merely outward and visible signs of inward conviction. This conviction springs from a living Spirit, mediated through the human experience of those trying to understand and follow its leadings. It grows afresh in every life, in every worshipping group, in every generation.

At the heart of this conviction is Friends' experience that there is something of God—the seed of the Spirit—in all people. Quakers believe that more can be accomplished by appealing to this capacity for love and goodness, in ourselves and in others, than can be hoped for by threatening punishment or retaliation if people act badly. This is not to ignore the existence of evil. It is to recognize that there is no effective way to combat evil with weapons which harm or kill those through whom evil is working. We must turn instead, in the words of early Friends, to the "weapons of the spirit," allowing God to reach out through us to that of God in those with whom we are in conflict. "Spiritual weapons"—love, truthsaying, nonviolence, imagination, laughter—are weapons that heal and don't destroy. (http://www.quakerinfo.org/quakerism/peacetestimony.html)






   



Asking the right question, The Ithaca Times, 12/16/2009

NPR's Morning Edition on December 11 featured a story on how the "Rules Of Engagement Are A Dilemma for US Troops." It noted the difficulty soldiers in Afghanistan have making a decision whether or not to "pull the trigger" on suspected insurgents, even in a situation where it is obvious that the men they were observing were preparing a roadside bomb. The Marines, in this case, did not shoot because of the risk of civilian casualties. Understandably, they expressed frustration saying that "their hands were tied" by General Stanley McChrystal's recent directive to "exercise restraint . . . and err on the side of maturity and caution." After all, if the insurgents had been successful, it would be the soldiers' lives that were at risk.

It seems to me that neither the Marines' nor the civilians' lives would be at risk - and there would be no question about killing or not killing suspected insurgents - if our government had not sent the troops to this outpost in southern Afghanistan in the first place. We are the ones who have put both Afghans and our soldiers in harm's way. We have escalated the insurgency. If the Marines had shot the young Afghan men planting a bomb, would there be fewer insurgents? No, no more than if the Marines had been killed in a roadside ambush, would there be fewer Marines in Afghanistan. All there would be is more dead.

The question is not whether General McChrystal has got the rules of engagement right or wrong. It is whether we should be at war in Afghanistan at all.

Garry Thomas

Ithaca, New York

   


Useful Links:

Central Committee for Conscientious Objectors (CCCO):

http://www.objector.org/ABOUT_US.html

The CCCO's office is no longer open, but its webpage is still active and it does have informative links, although much of the information is geared towards members of the armed forces who are considering seeking CO status and discharge from the military.

http://www.objector.org/files/35625089.pdf

Seeley, Advice for Conscientious Objectors in the Armed Forces, CCCO, 1998

Again, this 84 page document is somewhat dated and geared towards military personnel, but it does include important material for anyone considering filing as a conscientious objector, e.g., "Hitler and Other Dictators" (pp.31-35) and "Questions Asked COs" (pp. 54-55), e.g., "Can no war be just and necessary regardless of the situation?" and "What method would you use to resist evil?"

Anyone in the military who is thinking about asking for a discharge because they are a conscientious objector should contact one of the free legal resources listed below before taking any action to initiate such a request.

Center on Conscience and War (CCAW)

http://www.centeronconscience.org/home.shtml


phone: 202-483-2220.

CCAW provides a counseling service by mail and phone, and publishes aids for thinking out what you believe and what to do.

The CCAW's website includes many useful links, including "Essays on Non-Violence" by the likes of Martin Luther King and Dorothy Day, and "Words on Conscience: CCW's Collection of Statements on Conscientious Objection" from more than 40 faith-based organizations (AFSC, four Yearly Meetings, Mennonites and the Baha'i, but also statements by Jewish organizations, the National Conference of [Roman Catholic] Bishops, and the National Council of Churches).

Farmington-Scipio Regional Meeting – Conscience and War Committee (CAWC)

Contacts: Marilyn Ray - (day phone) 607-539-7778) or MLR17@...


Tom Joyce – 607-277-7426 or tomjoyce51@...


CAWC provides trained counselors to assist with issues related to Selective Service registration; establishing if you are a Conscientious Objector to war and establishing a CO claim; discussing information about militarism in the schools and enlistment; speakers for training church and community groups; and manages the Regions Peace War Tax Witness Escrow Account..

American Friends Service Committee

http://www.afsc.org/youthmil.htm


Phone: 215-241-7176

AFSC provides information on Youth & Militarism and other issues related to being a conscientious objector.

GI Rights Hotline

1-800-394-9544.

The GI Rights Hotline provides legal assistance and information to those in any branch of the military about discharges as a conscientious objector; military discharges, grievances and complaint procedures, someone who is AWOL, and other civil rights.

National Lawyers Guild

212-740-4544 or 619-233-1701.

The National Lawyers Guild provides help with Gay/Lesbian discharges, CO discharges, and prosecution for failing to register.

Service Members Legal Defense network

202-328-3247


Energy Sources and Right Relationship with Earth #earthcare

Marin Clarkberg
 

Originally posted 10/26/2011
Energy Sources and Right Relationship with Earth

by Margaret McCasland

All sources of energy should be produced in ways that maintain Right Relationship with Earth and with all people and all other living things. Whenever we extract energy sources from the earth to use for human activities, we do so in ways that harm Earth’s living systems and disrupt balance for living things.

We affirm the primacy of creating truly safe and renewable energy sources as quickly as possible. We are concerned that favoring natural gas as “cleaner” than coal both slows the necessary development of truly ecological energy sources, and obscures the full costs of extracting and using that fuel. Natural gas (methane) traps over 20 times* as much heat as carbon dioxide. The many ways in which it is released into the atmosphere (i.e., leaks which regularly occur during exploration, drilling, storing, processing, transmission and then combustion) negate much–if not all–of its advantages over coal. Long-term costs include: the pollution of water and soil, the destruction of roads and other infrastructure, the costs of treating health problems resulting from the release of toxins, and the loss of productivity of those whose health is adversely affected.

While there is much gas tightly embedded in shale formations throughout the US, the largest formation begins in New York and continues as far south as Tennessee. The gas industry has estimated that enough gas can be extracted from this Marcellus shale to provide about two years’ supply for the entire United States. This is an amount that can easily be saved through conservation and efficiency measures, using technology that can be implemented quickly and that will continue to reduce our needs for energy until we can fully switch to renewable sources using proven technologies such as geothermal, passive and active solar, non-food biofuels, and appropriate-scale wind and hydropower.

We call upon Friends to educate themselves and to examine their own lives and patterns of consumption. In unity with the Minute on the Care of God’s Creation, approved by Friends’ United Meeting in Triennial Session on July 15, 1999, “We call upon the nations of the world, and in particular our own governments, to enact laws and reach agreements which will protect the creation from the effects of human exploitation, greed and carelessness.”

Minute passed in December, 2009

*NOTE:  “20 times” is a very conservative way of comparing unburned methane with CO2 . (“20 times” is 1,900% more heat.) Depending on the framework being used (eg, half-life in the atmosphere over a given interval), climate scientists rate methane as holding 20, 70, or over 100 times as much heat as CO2. Any of these numbers is significant enough for us to make personal and public policy decisions about energy sources, management and uses. Keeping unburned methane out of the atmosphere seems like an obvious goal for public policies, such as the New York State’s Public Service Commissions inadequate regulation of leaks in natural gas transmission lines (methane is the primary constituent of natural gas). 1-2% loss of unburned methane to transmission line leaks is a standard minimum figure; some estimates run more like 5-8%.


What Friends Need to Know About Fracking #earthcare

Marin Clarkberg
 

Published April 7, 2012
What Do Friends Need to Know about Fracking?

Margaret McCasland, Ithaca Meeting

Fracking is an imprecise term that means different things to different people. So the rest of this article will use “HVHF” (high-volume hydraulic fracturing). HVHF is an unconventional form of gas drilling used to extract gas that is tightly embedded in tiny pores. While “tight shale” formations such as the Marcellus and Utica usually contain some propane and/or butane, the gas is primarily methane—the true name for “natural gas.”

“Conventional” vs. “unconventional” is an industry distinction for the extraction of all fossil fuels: coal, oil, or natural gas.  Conventional extraction is what we are usually think of: traditional coal mines or drilling rigs that tap into large pools of oil and/or gas. However we’ve already used most of Earth’s conventional fuel sources, so unconventional extraction is more common, including mountaintop removal coal mining, deepwater oil drilling, tar-sands oil—and HVHF gas drilling.

It takes much more equipment, energy, and money to extract unconventional fuels, and many of the true ecological and economic costs get externalized to local communities and to global ecosystems. Thus we need to call for a rapid, massive build-out of renewable energy sources, paired with major energy conservation and efficiency programs, so that a truly safe supply can meet a reasonable demand.

Before I tell you more about HVHF, I will address a few reasons why you should care:

 

If you don’t live over a drillable section of the Marcellus Shale, why do you need to know anything about HVHF?

Because most of New York State will be affected directly or indirectly--including NYC.

Much of central and western New York lies over the Marcellus or Utica shales. But a wider area is targeted for waste disposal.

Water treatment plants in many parts of the state (from Watertown in the north to Auburn and Cayuga Heights in the Finger Lakes) have accepted or have considered accepting drilling waste water in their sewage treatment plants--plants that were not designed to remove heavy metals, radioactivity, or most chemicals. (The City of Niagara Falls rejected a plan to treat waste in a specialized waste water treatment plant.)

The gas industry hoped to use deep injection wells in NYS for both NY and PA waste water, since much of Central and Western NY lays over porous formations that could, in theory, absorb waste water.  In January of 2010, an injection well was proposed for Pulteney, but was halted because of the potential to contaminate nearby Keuka Lake, in the heart of NY’s wine country. Injection wells are permitted--or denied--by the EPA, with input from the DEC and local officials.

Drill cuttings include the rock cores from the thousands of feet through which each well is drilled (which naturally includes heavy metals and radioactive materials) plus the added “mud” (which includes added chemicals and lubricants). NYS declared drill cuttings to be “industrial waste” and so drill cuttings from PA have already been coming into NYS multi-purpose landfills, instead of being sequestered as the hazardous waste the cuttings actually are (especially from the more radioactive Marcellus formation).

Air pollution from drill rigs, compressors, processing stations, pipelines leaks, and constant truck traffic will affect areas well beyond drilling pads, resulting in ozone and toxic particles, as well as greenhouse emissions. Because of drilling, some rural areas now have more polluted air than major cities. Ground-level ozone reduces plant yields and thus would be one more threat to Downstate’s “foodshed.”

 

Because water is life and accidents happen and water flows down hill.

From the Great Lakes and the Finger Lakes to the reservoirs in the Catskills, New York has much of the best water in the world. Leaking well casings, truck accidents, leaking wastewater ponds, and flooded drilling pads have already happened in PA. But even “standard operating procedures” will slowly release endocrine-disrupting chemicals into our watersheds.

NOTE: prohibiting drilling-related construction projects from being done very close to the NYC and Syracuse reservoirs protects them from construction sediment, which would require filtration in a best-case scenario. These setbacks do not protect reservoirs from toxic spills or from routine “non-point source” contamination.

 

Because dilution, it turns out, is NOT the solution to pollution.

Many chemicals previously thought safe in the parts per million are now known to harm human health in the parts per billion (ppb). Neither drinking water pre-treatment plants nor wastewater (sewage) plants can remove all the chemicals, minerals, or water-borne radiation associated with unconventional drilling. The technology exists for specialized plants to treat contaminants associated with gas drilling, but it is too expensive (and energy-intensive) to use widely. But most of the contaminated water is not recaptured for treatment or safe disposal.

 

Because gas drilling is a boondoggle, not an economic boon.  

Extractive industries give a short-term economic boost to a few sectors, but long-term economic costs to many sectors. Even if there are no accidents at drilling sites, the introduction of widespread heavy industry will damage tourism, wineries, wildlife-related activities and agriculture, plus raising rents at the same time it reduces real estate values.

 

Because gas is a fossil fuel with a high impact on Global Climate Disruption.

 “Natural gas” is methane. Burning methane at the point of intentional combustion does release less CO2 than burning coal does. The problem is all the methane that leaks up at every stage up until that point. Being a gas, and being extracted, processed and transported under pressure, a lot of methane does leak. When released to the atmosphere, unburned methane traps 1900% more heat than CO2 does. And HVHF releases far more unburned methane than conventional gas drilling does.

 

Because “Energy Independence” will come at a price.  

Once pipelines connect NY gas to the global market (LNG export terminals are in process), prices will be set globally, not domestically. While demand will keep much gas here, we will be paying much higher prices. And unconventional drilling is only profitable at these higher prices.

And you are a gas customer even if you don’t use gas in your home: more and more of NYS’s electricity is from gas-fired plants.

 

More than you want to know about HVHF:

High-Volume (Slick-water) Hydraulic Fracturing with horizontal drilling (horizontal HVHF) was developed in the late 1990s as part of deep water oil drilling. This form of unconventional gas drilling was not widely used in the US until after the federal Energy Act of 2005 exempted it from many provisions of the Clean Air, Clean Water, and Safe Drinking Water Acts (AKA the Halliburton Loopholes).

An older, less intensive form of hydrofracking was developed by Halliburton in the late 1940s for use in vertical wells. Horizontal HVHF uses much more water than conventional hydrofracking (on average 5,6oo,000 gallons vs. 20,000 to 80,000 gallons). Slick-water HVHF also uses a different mix of chemicals than the older methods. However many of the chemicals used in conventional gas drilling

HVHF is the only way to remove gas locked in tiny pores. It shatters the shale, releasing gas into the newly created cracks. The initial fractures are caused by explosive charges, followed by millions of gallons of chemically-treated water that are forced into the rock under high pressure, creating many more cracks.  

Because gas is released only from sections of the shale that have been fractured, each drilling pad has 6–12+ wells, each with a horizontal arm running thousands of feet in a different direction.

Each well is usually “stimulated” several times to keep the gas flowing. Every time a well is stimulated, millions of gallons of water are contaminated both with chemicals added on the surface (biocides, surfactants, etc) and by heavy metals and organic compounds found in the shale, many of them toxic in the parts per billion. Marcellus shale also releases radioactivity into the water. Small amounts of flow-back water can be recycled, but most water is left underground, forever lost to the water cycle.

In order to justify bringing in the extensive infrastructure needed to extract, process, and transmit methane extracted using HVHF, gas companies need to have as many multi-well drilling pads as possible in the same region.

The price of gas is currently low, so drilling in PA is proceeding at a slow pace. Many pads have just one well drilled, in order to tie up leases until extraction becomes profitable. Drilling will be done much more intensely once the pipelines are connected to export terminals and even domestic users need to pay global prices. As prices and profits rise, the pressure to drill in New York will increase.

 

PLEDGE to reduce the need for HVHF gas (and your overall energy demand) at: <sustainabletompkins.org/programs/marcellus-challenge/>

 

LEARN EVEN MORE: 

 General Background on Fracking:

            New York Times: Drilling Down: the risks of natural-gas drilling and efforts to regulate this rapidly growing industry (with archive of original documents). <www.nytimes.com/interactive/us/DRILLING_DOWN_SERIES.html> 

            Oil and Gas Accountability Project (OGAP) www.earthworksaction.org

            Physicians, Scientists and Engineers for Healthy Energy <www.psehealthyenergy.org>

            Pro Publica: <www.propublica.org/series/fracking>

            Video of industry experts and PA residents  “The hidden cost of the US hydraulic fracturing - fracking - boom” <www.youtube.com/watch?v=nCyHS7fKmXI>

            More Links:            <www.tcgasmap.org/

Economic aspects: 

            Susan Christopherson, ed. The Economic Consequences of Marcellus Shale Gas Extraction.  http://devsoc.cals.cornell.edu/outreach/cardi/ (click on Publications, then CaRDI Reports)

Engineering of gas drilling:

search for You Tube videos of Anthony “Tony” Ingraffea (also via psehealthyenergy.org)

Gas drilling in NYS:

<www.tcgasmap.org/media/Greenstar%20Article.pdf>

            <www.catskillmountainkeeper.org/node/290>

             Haudenosaunee Statement on Hydraulic-Fracturing: The Haudenosaunee are the Six Nations of central, western and Northern New York: Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, and Tuscarora. HETF is the Haudenosaunee Environmental Task Force.

< hetf.org >             From the home page, click on “environmental,” then scroll down to the March 4, 2009 Statement on Hydraulic-Fracturing

 

Human Health:

            Theo Colborn, PhD www.endocrinedisruption.com/chemicals.introduction.php

Oil and gas Accountability Project (OGAP) http://earthworksaction.org/publications.cfm?pubiD=143

Leasing:          < fleased.org/>

 

 Quaker Minute:         Energy Sources and Right Relationship with Earth” (response to HVHF drilling and other forms of extreme extraction): Ithaca Monthly Meeting  <ithacamonthlymeeting.org> (click on Earthcare Committee page)

Radioactivity:            James Ring’s testimony to the NYS DEC. Special Delivery? Spectra pipeline could bring radon to NYC stoves. <http://saneenergyproject.org/>

Water quality and testing: <http://communityscience.org/>


Re: Welcome with instructions

Margaret McCasland
 

could the witness list also specify that it would include Earthcare concerns and opportunities for cherishing Earth?


Welcome with instructions

Marin Clarkberg
 

Welcome to the Witness subgroup of IMMRSF, one of three subgroups. (The other two are Announcements and Community.) All your groups and subgroups are listed at the top of your browser (in the blue band area) under "Your Groups."

This subgroup is
for sharing information pertaining to social justice or peace witness events or activities. Posts to this subgroup might include: invitations to volunteer in a community service activity or political protest, essays that speak to a concern of relevance to Friends, and information about pending legislation with instruction on how to contact representatives in government.

The email address witness@IMMRSF.groups.io can be use to distribute messages to the Community subgroup of IMMRSF. You can control how you want to receive your email, if at all!, using the "Subscription" menu to the left.

 

It is easy to view messages here, regardless of whether or how you are receiving messages over email. You can choose between several defaults to view the message board .  The dark blue button at the top left of the message board default setting is "Topics" which displays only the existing topics. If there is a number next to the topic name, it's the number of replies under the topic.  To view the replies under a given topic, click on the topic name and the messages will be expanded and displayed in the order they were posted. The display order can be reversed with the most recent reply displayed first by clicking the "Date" button at the top right of the message window.  This also applies to all viewing modes.

Click the dark blue button and a menu appears - "Messages", "Expanded" and "Polls" (top to bottom).  Selecting "Messages" lists messages displaying only the amount of text that will fit the width of the window.  Selecting "Expanded" displays all messages with full content, the most recent at the top. Again, the display order can be reversed by clicking the "Date" button.  Arrows at the top right, when appropriate, can be used to scroll through by clicking the appropriate button.

The last choice "Polls" probably won't be used much here but would work the same as the others.

 

The next button, "Search" works just like the search does in many applications.

 

The small button that looks kind of like a funnel (can't figure that one out) opens up a hidden menu that allows you to view messages, etc., over a default span of time from the menu or a customized time range you can specify.

 

A nice feature that is available to you, because I enabled it when I set up this Group, is the ability to edit your message/replies after they have been sent.  So if you mess up when you send something to the Group, you don't need to panic and/or repost you can go back and fix/edit it. Just go to the message and under the message there is a bar with "Reply", "Like" and "More" buttons.  Click the "More" button, a menu pops up and click "Edit Message". Make your changes and select one of the options at the bottom, you can even delete the message all together if you want to. Funny thing is there's also a box to explain how you screwed up in the first place, though I don't really know if any one would notice.

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